Two sets of lessons are available for use: longer lessons produced by Strata Academics, forming the core content of the *Reinventing Ethical Entrepreneurship *project, and shorter lessons produced by Entrepreneur Pathways, Inc., forming the *Entrepreneurial Virtues *sub-project. The former are especially useful in social studies classes, including civics, economics, history, and social studies; and the latter are especially useful in STEM classes.

On this page, you will find two sets of tables of these lessons arranged by Core Virtue and Subject. Below these, an additional table lists the Common Core standards each lesson meets.

*REINVENTING ETHICAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP LESSONS*

## Virtues

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Lesson 1 – It’s Broken
- Lesson 5 – Failure
- Lesson 9 – Time to Fix School Lunches!
- Lesson 11 – The Tragic Hero
- Lesson 13 – Customer Empathy
- Lesson 14 – A Fox, A Goose, And A Bag of Beans
- Lesson 16 – Desk Challenge
- Lesson 17 – Team Building
- Lesson 23 – Prisoner’s Dilemma

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Lesson 1 – It’s Broken
- Lesson 2 – Responding to Diversity
- Lesson 3 – Build A Game
- Lesson 4 – Marshmallow Challenge
- Lesson 5 – Failure
- Lesson 6 – Invent and Present
- Lesson 8 – Moral Dilemmas
- Lesson 13 – Customer Empathy
- Lesson 14 – A Fox, A Goose, And A Bag of Beans
- Lesson 15 – Post-It Note Challenge
- Lesson 17 – Team Building
- Lesson 18 – What’s Your Skill?
- Lesson 24 – Crossing Borders

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Lesson 1 – It’s Broken
- Lesson 2 – Responding to Diversity
- Lesson 3 – Build A Game
- Lesson 4 – Marshmallow Challenge
- Lesson 6 – Invent and Present
- Lesson 9 – Time to Fix School Lunches!
- Lesson 10 – Ring of Gyges
- Lesson 11 – The Tragic Hero
- Lesson 12 – Winning Customers
- Lesson 14 – A Fox, A Goose, And A Bag of Beans
- Lesson 15 – Post-It Note Challenge
- Lesson 20 – Rain-Makers
- Lesson 21 – Puzzles and Quilts
- Lesson 24 – Crossing Borders

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Lesson 3 – Build A Game
- Lesson 4 – Marshmallow Challenge
- Lesson 9 – Time to Fix School Lunches!
- Lesson 11 – The Tragic Hero
- Lesson 14 – A Fox, A Goose, And A Bag of Beans
- Lesson 16 – Desk Challenge
- Lesson 17 – Team Building
- Lesson 18 – What’s Your Skill?
- Lesson 19 – A Hero’s Journey

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Lesson 5 – Failure
- Lesson 6 – Invent and Present
- Lesson 7 – Dreams
- Lesson 8 – Moral Dilemmas
- Lesson 19 – A Hero’s Journey

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Lesson 9 – Time to Fix School Lunches!
- Lesson 19 – A Hero’s Journey
- Lesson 20 – Rain-Makers
- Lesson 21 – Puzzles and Quilts
- Lesson 22 – The Trading Game

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Lesson 1 – It’s Broken
- Lesson 7 – Dreams
- Lesson 19 – A Hero’s Journey
- Lesson 22 – The Trading Game

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Lesson 6 – Invent and Present
- Lesson 7 – Dreams
- Lesson 10 – Ring of Gyges
- Lesson 15 – Post-It Note Challenge
- Lesson 21 – Puzzles and Quilts

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Lesson 5 – Failure
- Lesson 8 – Moral Dilemmas
- Lesson 10 – Ring of Gyges
- Lesson 11 – The Tragic Hero
- Lesson 12 – Winning Customers
- Lesson 20 – Rain-Makers
- Lesson 22 – The Trading Game
- Lesson 23 – Prisoner’s Dilemma

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Lesson 2 – Responding to Diversity
- Lesson 8 – Moral Dilemmas
- Lesson 10 – Ring of Gyges
- Lesson 12 – Winning Customers
- Lesson 13 – Customer Empathy
- Lesson 22 – The Trading Game
- Lesson 23 – Prisoner’s Dilemma
- Lesson 24 – Crossing Borders

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Lesson 3 – Build A Game
- Lesson 4 – Marshmallow Challenge
- Lesson 16 – Desk Challenge
- Lesson 18 – What’s Your Skill?
- Lesson 21 – Puzzles and Quilts

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Lesson 2 – Responding to Diversity
- Lesson 7 – Dreams
- Lesson 12 – Winning Customers
- Lesson 13 – Customer Empathy
- Lesson 16 – Desk Challenge
- Lesson 18 – What’s Your Skill?
- Lesson 20 – Rain-Makers
- Lesson 23 – Prisoner’s Dilemma
- Lesson 24 – Crossing Borders

## Subject

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Lesson 2 – Responding to Diversity
- Lesson 7 – Dreams
- Lesson 8 – Moral Dilemmas
- Lesson 9 – Time to Fix School Lunches!
- Lesson 10 – Ring of Gyges
- Lesson 13 – Customer Empathy
- Lesson 15 – Post-It Note Challenge
- Lesson 17 – Team Building
- Lesson 18 – What’s Your Skill?
- Lesson 24 – Crossing Borders

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Lesson 1 – It’s Broken
- Lesson 3 – Build a Game
- Lesson 4 – Marshmallow Challenge
- Lesson 5 – Failure
- Lesson 6 – Invent and Present
- Lesson 7 – Dreams
- Lesson 9 – Time to Fix School Lunches!
- Lesson 12 – Winning Customers
- Lesson 13 – Customer Empathy
- Lesson 16 – Desk Challenge
- Lesson 17 – Team Building
- Lesson 18 – What’s Your Skill?
- Lesson 21 – Puzzles and Quilts
- Lesson 22 – The Trading Game
- Lesson 23 – Prisoner’s Dilemma
- Lesson 24 – Crossing Borders

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Lesson 8 – Moral Dilemmas
- Lesson 10 – Ring of Gyges
- Lesson 11 – The Tragic Hero
- Lesson 19 – A Hero’s Journey
- Lesson 24 – Crossing Borders

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Lesson 1 – It’s Broken
- Lesson 2 – Responding to Diversity
- Lesson 5 – Failure
- Lesson 6 – Invent and Present
- Lesson 7 – Dreams
- Lesson 8 – Moral Dilemmas
- Lesson 10 – Ring of Gyges
- Lesson 11 – The Tragic Hero
- Lesson 12 – Winning Customers
- Lesson 14 – A Fox, A Goose, and a Bag of Beans
- Lesson 15 – Post-It Note Challenge
- Lesson 17 – Team Building
- Lesson 18 – What’s Your Skill?
- Lesson 19 – A Hero’s Journey
- Lesson 24 – Crossing Borders

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Lesson 1 – It’s Broken
- Lesson 2 – Responding to Diversity
- Lesson 4 – Marshmallow Challenge
- Lesson 5 – Failure
- Lesson 8 – Moral Dilemmas
- Lesson 9 – Time to Fix School Lunches!
- Lesson 10 – Ring of Gyges
- Lesson 11 – The Tragic Hero
- Lesson 12 – Winning Customers
- Lesson 13 – Customer Empathy
- Lesson 15 – Post-It Note Challenge
- Lesson 17 – Team Building
- Lesson 18 – What’s Your Skill?
- Lesson 19 – A Hero’s Journey
- Lesson 20 – Rain-Makers
- Lesson 21 – Puzzles and Quilts
- Lesson 22 – The Trading Game
- Lesson 23 – Prisoner’s Dilemma
- Lesson 24 – Crossing Borders

*ENTREPRENEURIAL VIRTUES ACTIVITIES*

## Virtues

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Activity 2 – Make a Flyer
- Activity 8 – Plan a Trip
- Activity 11 – If I Ran the Toy Store
- Activity 12 – Make a Bag
- Activity 13 – Simulate This!
- Activity 14 – Design and Test a Bridge
- Activity 17 – Design a Stand-Alone Garage
- Activity 18 – Add Solar Panels to the Roof of Your Garage
- Activity 19 – How Large a House Do You Want?
- Activity 20 – How Large a House Do You Want?
- Activity 21 – What Will This Cost?
- Activity 22 – Design the Kitchen
- Activity 25 – Make a Movie: Topic
- Activity 26 – Make a Movie 2: What Will You Say?
- Activity 28 – Make a Movie 4: Put the Pieces Together
- Activity 29 – Make a Movie 5: Add Sound
- Activity 30 – Make a Movie 6: Show Time
- Activity 31 – Redesign the Library 1
- Activity 32 – Redesign the Library 2
- Activity 33 – Run For It!
- Activity 34 – Race Against the Clock
- Activity 35 – Build a Tower
- Activity 36 – What Just Happened?

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Activity 11 – If I Ran the Toy Store
- Activity 17 – Design a Stand-Alone Garage
- Activity 20 – How Large a House Do You Want?
- Activity 25 – Make a Movie: Topic
- Activity 26 – Make a Movie 2: What Will You Say?
- Activity 30 – Make a Movie 6: Show Time
- Activity 31 – Redesign the Library 1
- Activity 33 – Run For It!
- Activity 34 – Race Against the Clock
- Activity 36 – What Just Happened?

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Activity 4 – Design a Shopping Cart
- Activity 6 – Rules of Inventing
- Activity 8 – Plan a Trip
- Activity 9 – Sell the Itinerary
- Activity 10 – Design a Chair
- Activity 12 – Make a Bag
- Activity 14 – Design and Test a Bridge
- Activity 15 – Race Around the World
- Activity 16 – Your Dream Vacation
- Activity 23 – Yeah, But Can You Make It?
- Activity 24 – Can You Sell Your House?
- Activity 25 – Make a Movie: Topic
- Activity 26 – Make a Movie 2: What Will You Say?
- Activity 28 – Make a Movie 4: Put the Pieces Together
- Activity 29 – Make a Movie 5: Add Sound
- Activity 30 – Make a Movie 6: Show Time
- Activity 31 – Redesign the Library 1
- Activity 32 – Redesign the Library 2
- Activity 33 – Run For It!
- Activity 34 – Race Against the Clock
- Activity 35 – Build a Tower

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Activity 1 – Build a Tower
- Activity 9 – Sell the Itinerary
- Activity 10 – Design a Chair
- Activity 11 – If I Ran the Toy Store
- Activity 12 – Make a Bag
- Activity 13 – Simulate This!
- Activity 14 – Design and Test a Bridge
- Activity 15 – Race Around the World
- Activity 16 – Your Dream Vacation
- Activity 17 – Design a Stand-Alone Garage
- Activity 18 – Add Solar Panels to the Roof of Your Garage
- Activity 19 – How Large a House Do You Want?
- Activity 20 – How Large a House Do You Want?
- Activity 21 – What Will This Cost?
- Activity 22 – Design the Kitchen
- Activity 23 – Yeah, But Can You Make It?
- Activity 24 – Can You Sell Your House?
- Activity 25 – Make a Movie: Topic
- Activity 26 – Make a Movie 2: What Will You Say?
- Activity 28 – Make a Movie 4: Put the Pieces Together
- Activity 29 – Make a Movie 5: Add Sound
- Activity 30 – Make a Movie 6: Show Time
- Activity 31 – Redesign the Library 1
- Activity 32 – Redesign the Library 2
- Activity 33 – Run For It!
- Activity 34 – Race Against the Clock
- Activity 35 – Build a Tower
- Activity 36 – What Just Happened?

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Activity 7 – Take Courage
- Activity 30 – Make a Movie 6: Show Time
- Activity 31 – Redesign the Library 1

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Activity 13 – Simulate This!
- Activity 14 – Design and Test a Bridge
- Activity 18 – Add Solar Panels to the Roof of Your Garage
- Activity 24 – Can You Sell Your House?
- Activity 25 – Make a Movie: Topic
- Activity 26 – Make a Movie 2: What Will You Say?
- Activity 30 – Make a Movie 6: Show Time
- Activity 31 – Redesign the Library 1
- Activity 36 – What Just Happened?

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Activity 30 – Make a Movie 6: Show Time
- Activity 31 – Redesign the Library 1

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Activity 3 – Build a Car
- Activity 5 – Building Bridges
- Activity 23 – Yeah, But Can You Make It?
- Activity 30 – Make a Movie 6: Show Time
- Activity 31 – Redesign the Library 1

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Activity 9 – Sell the Itinerary
- Activity 13 – Simulate This!
- Activity 15 – Race Around the World
- Activity 19 – How Large a House Do You Want?
- Activity 27 – Make a Movie 3: How Will You Illustrate It?
- Activity 30 – Make a Movie 6: Show Time
- Activity 31 – Redesign the Library 1

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Activity 12 – Make a Bag
- Activity 27 – Make a Movie 3: How Will You Illustrate It?
- Activity 30 – Make a Movie 6: Show Time
- Activity 31 – Redesign the Library 1

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Activity 30 – Make a Movie 6: Show Time
- Activity 31 – Redesign the Library 1

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Activity 30 – Make a Movie 6: Show Time
- Activity 31 – Redesign the Library 1

## Content Standards

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Activity 1 – Build a Tower
- Activity 7 – Take Courage
- Activity 8 – Plan a Trip
- Activity 9 – Sell the Itinerary
- Activity 12 – Make a Bag
- Activity 14 – Design and Test a Bridge
- Activity 16 – Your Dream Vacation
- Activity 29 – Make a Movie 5: Add Sound
- Activity 31 – Redesign the Library 1
- Activity 35 – Build a Tower

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Activity 2 – Make a Flyer Activity 3 – Build a Car
- Activity 4 – Design a Shopping Cart
- Activity 5 – Building Bridges
- Activity 6 – Rules of Inventing
- Activity 7 – Take Courage
- Activity 8 – Plan a Trip
- Activity 9 – Sell the Itinerary
- Activity 10 – Design a Chair
- Activity 11 – If I Ran the Toy Store
- Activity 13 – Simulate This!
- Activity 14 – Design and Test a Bridge
- Activity 15 – Race Around the World
- Activity 16 – Your Dream Vacation
- Activity 17 – Design a Stand-Alone Garage
- Activity 18 – Add Solar Panels to the Roof of Your Garage
- Activity 19 – How Large a House Do You Want?
- Activity 21 – What Will This Cost?
- Activity 22 – Design the Kitchen
- Activity 23 – Yeah, But Can You Make It?
- Activity 24 – Can You Sell Your House?
- Activity 25 – Make a Movie: Topic
- Activity 26 – Make a Movie 2: What Will You Say?
- Activity 27 – Make a Movie 3: How Will You Illustrate It?
- Activity 28 – Make a Movie 4: Put the Pieces Together
- Activity 31 – Redesign the Library 1
- Activity 33 – Run For It!
- Activity 34 – Race Against the Clock
- Activity 35 – Build a Tower
- Activity 36 – What Just Happened?

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Activity 2 – Make a Flyer
- Activity 3 – Build a Car
- Activity 4 – Design a Shopping Cart
- Activity 5 – Building Bridges
- Activity 6 – Rules of Inventing
- Activity 10 – Design a Chair
- Activity 11 – If I Ran the Toy Store
- Activity 12 – Make a Bag
- Activity 13 – Simulate This!
- Activity 14 – Design and Test a Bridge
- Activity 15 – Race Around the World
- Activity 16 – Your Dream Vacation
- Activity 17 – Design a Stand-Alone Garage
- Activity 18 – Add Solar Panels to the Roof of Your Garage
- Activity 19 – How Large a House Do You Want?
- Activity 20 – How Large a House Do You Want?
- Activity 21 – What Will This Cost?
- Activity 22 – Design the Kitchen
- Activity 23 – Yeah, But Can You Make It?
- Activity 24 – Can You Sell Your House?
- Activity 31 – Redesign the Library 1
- Activity 32 – Redesign the Library 2
- Activity 33 – Run For It!
- Activity 35 – Build a Tower

**Accompanying Lessons**

- Activity 2 – Make a Flyer
- Activity 3 – Build a Car
- Activity 4 – Design a Shopping Cart
- Activity 5 – Building Bridges
- Activity 10 – Design a Chair
- Activity 12 – Make a Bag
- Activity 13 – Simulate This!
- Activity 14 – Design and Test a Bridge
- Activity 17 – Design a Stand-Alone Garage
- Activity 18 – Add Solar Panels to the Roof of Your Garage
- Activity 19 – How Large a House Do You Want?

*LIST OF COMMON CORE STANDARDS*

## Lesson

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.SL.1 Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.SL.2 Integrate and evaluate information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.SL.4 Present information, findings, and supporting evidence such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.SL.6 Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and communicative tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.L.1 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.L.3 Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.L.6 Acquire and use accurately a range of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when encountering an unknown term important to comprehension or expression.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.W.2 Write informational/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.W.4 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.W.10 Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or day or two) for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.SL.1 Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.SL.2 Integrate and evaluate information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.SL.4 Present information, findings, and supporting evidence such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.SL.5 Make strategic use of digital media and visual displays of data to express information and enhance understanding of presentations.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.SL.6 Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and communicative tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.L.1 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.L.2 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.L.3 Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.L.6 Acquire and use accurately a range of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when encountering an unknown term important to comprehension or expression.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.SL.1 Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.SL.4 Present information, findings, and supporting evidence such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.SL.6 Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and communicative tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.L.1 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.SL.2 Integrate and evaluate information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.SL.3 Evaluate a speaker’s point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.L.3 Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.L.6 Acquire and use accurately a range of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when encountering an unknown term important to comprehension or expression.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.W.1 Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.W.4 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.W.10 Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or day or two) for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.SL.3 Evaluate a speaker’s point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.L.1 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.SL.1 Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.W.2 Write informational/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.W.4 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.W.10 Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or day or two) for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.SL.3 Evaluate a speaker’s point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.L.2 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.1 Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.2 Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.3 Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course of a text.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.5 Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.6 Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.8 Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, including the validity of the reasoning as well as the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.9 Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.10 Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.W.2 Write informational/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.L.2 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.SL.1 Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.1 Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.2 Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.3 Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course of a text.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.8 Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, including the validity of the reasoning as well as the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.10 Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.1 Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.3 Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course of a text.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.6 Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.7 Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media and formats, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.10 Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.W.1 Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.W.6 Use technology, including the internet, to produce and publish writing and to interact and collaborate with others.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.W.9 Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.SL.5 Make strategic use of digital media and visual displays of data to express information and enhance understanding of presentations.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.W.1 Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.W.9 Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.2 Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.4 Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.5 Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.10 Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently.CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.SL.1 Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.

**LANGUAGE ARTS **

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.6 Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.9 Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.SL.4 Present information, findings, and supporting evidence such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.8 Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, including the validity of the reasoning as well as the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.9 Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take.
- CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.SL.1 Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.W.9 Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.W.7 Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects based on focused questions, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.SL.5 Make strategic use of digital media and visual displays of data to express information and enhance understanding of presentations.

## Activity

**MATH**

- 7.G.1: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures.
- 7.EE.B.3: Solve multistep real-life problems posed with rational numbers, using tools.
- HSG.MG.A.1: Use geometric shapes … to describe objects.
- HSG.MG.A.3: Apply geometric methods to solve design problems.

**SCIENCE**

- MS-ETS1-1. Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.
- MS-ETS1-4. Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.1, 8.1, 9-10.1, 11-12.1: Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.3, 8.3, 9-10.3, 11-12.3: Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences.
- RST.6-8.1: Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science texts.
- RST.6-8.9: Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments with that gained from reading a text. RST.9-10.1: Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science texts.
- RST.11-12.9: Synthesize information from a range of sources into a coherent understanding.
- WHST.6-8.7: Conduct short research projects to answer a question.
- WHST.6-8.9: Draw evidence from informational texts.
- WHST.9-10.2: Write informative texts, including the narration of historical events and scientific procedures.
- WHST.11-12.2: Write informative texts, including the narration of historical events and scientific procedures.

**MATH**

- 7.G.1: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures.
- 7.G.B.4: Know the formulas for the area and circumference of a circle and use them to solve problems.
- 7.G.B.6: Solve real-world and mathematical problems.
- 7.EE.B.3: Solve multistep real-life problems posed with rational numbers, using tools.
- 8.G.B.7: Apply the Pythagorean theorem to determine unknown side lengths.
- HSG.MG.A.1: Use geometric shapes … to describe objects.
- HSG.MG.A.3: Apply geometric methods to solve design problems.
- HSG.SRT.C.6: Understand that by similarity, side ratios in right triangles are properties of the angles.
- HSG.SRT.C.8: Use trig ratios and the Pythagorean theorem to solve right triangles.
- HSG.GMD.A.1: Use formulas for the circumference of a circle.
- HSG.GMD.A.3: Use volume formulas for cylinders.

**SCIENCE**

- MS-ETS 1-2: Engineering design: Evaluate competing design solutions .
- HS-ETS1.A: Defining and delimiting engineering problems.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- RST.6-8.1: Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science texts.
- RST.6-8.9: Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments with that gained from reading a text.
- RST.9-10.1: Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science texts.
- RST.11-12.9: Synthesize information from a range of sources into a coherent understanding.
- WHST.6-8.7: Conduct short research projects to answer a question.
- WHST.6-8.9: Draw evidence from informational texts.
- WHST.9-10.2: Write informative texts, including the narration of historical events and scientific procedures.
- WHST.11-12.2: Write informative texts, including the narration of historical events and scientific procedures.

**MATH**

- 7.RPA.1: Compute unit rates associated with ratios or fractions.
- 7.G.A.1: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures.
- 7.G.A.2: Draw geometric shapes with given conditions.
- 7.G.A.6: Solve real-world and mathematical problems.
- 7.G.B.5: Use facts about supplementary, complementary … to solve for unknown angles.
- 7.G.B.6: Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, volume, and surface area.
- 7.EE.B.3: Solve multistep real-life problems posed with rational numbers, using tools.
- 8.G.A.5: … angles created when parallel lines are cut by a transversal …
- 8.G.B.7: Apply the Pythagorean theorem ….
- 8.G.C.9: Know the formulas for the volumes … and use them to solve real-world problems.
- HSG.MG.A.1: Use geometric shapes … to describe objects.
- HSG.MG.A.3: Apply geometric methods to solve design problems.
- HSG.GMD.A.3: Use volume formulas for cylinders … to solve problems.
- HSG.SRT.C.6: Understand that by similarity, side ratios in right triangles are properties of the angles.
- HSG.SRT.C.8: Use trig ratios and Pythagorean theorem to solve right triangles.

**SCIENCE**

- MS-ETS 1-2: Engineering design: Evaluate competing design solutions
- HS-ETS1.A: Defining and delimiting engineering problems

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- RST.6-8.1: Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science texts.
- RST.6-8.9: Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments with that gained from reading a text.
- RST.9-10.1: Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science texts.
- RST.11-12.9: Synthesize information from a range of sources into a coherent understanding.
- WHST.6-8.7: Conduct short research projects to answer a question.
- WHST.6-8.9: Draw evidence from informational texts.
- WHST.9-10.2: Write informative texts, including the narration of historical events and scientific procedures.
- WHST.11-12.2: Write informative texts, including the narration of historical events and scientific procedures.

**MATH**

- 7.G.A.1: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures.
- 7.G.A.2: Draw geometric shapes with given conditions.
- 7.G.A.6: Solve real-world and mathematical problems.
- 7.G.B.5: Use facts about supplementary, complementary … to solve for unknown angles.
- 7.G.B.6: Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, volume, and surface area.
- 7.EE.B.3: Solve multistep real-life problems posed with rational numbers, using tools.
- 8.G.A.5: … angles created when parallel lines are cut by a transversal …
- 8.G.B.7: Apply the Pythagorean theorem ….
- HSG.MG.A.1: Use geometric shapes … to describe objects.
- HSG.MG.A.3: Apply geometric methods to solve design problems.
- HSG.SRT.C.6: Understand that by similarity, side ratios in right triangles are properties of the angles.
- HSG.SRT.C.8: Use trig ratios and Pythagorean theorem to solve right triangles.

**SCIENCE**

- MS-ETS 1-2: Engineering design: Evaluate competing design solutions HS-ETS1.A: Defining and delimiting engineering problems

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- RST.6-8.1: Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science texts.
- RST.6-8.9: Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments with that gained from reading a text.
- RST.9-10.1: Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science texts.
- RST.11-12.9: Synthesize information from a range of sources into a coherent understanding.
- WHST.6-8.7: Conduct short research projects to answer a question.
- WHST.6-8.9: Draw evidence from informational texts.

**MATH**

- 7.G.A.1: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures.
- 7.G.A.2: Draw geometric shapes with given conditions.
- 7.G.A.6: Solve real-world and mathematical problems.
- 7.G.B.6: Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, volume, and surface area.
- 7.EE.B.3: Solve multistep real-life problems posed with rational numbers, using tools.
- 8.G.C.9: Know the formulas for the volumes … and use them to solve real-world problems.
- HSG.MG.A.1: Use geometric shapes … to describe objects.
- HSG.MG.A.3: Apply geometric methods to solve design problems.
- HSG.GMD.A.3: Use volume formulas for cylinders … to solve problems.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- WHST.6-8.7: Conduct short research projects to answer a question.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2, 8.2, 9-10.2, 11-12.2: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.
- WHST.6-8.7: Conduct short research projects to answer a question.
- WHST.6-8.9: Draw evidence from informational texts.

**HISTORY**

- 7.11.1: Know the great voyages of discovery, the locations of the routes, and the influence of cartography in the development of a new European worldview.
- 8.4.1: Describe the country’s physical landscapes, political divisions, and territorial expansions during the terms of the first four presidents.
- 10.4: Students analyze patterns of global change in the era of New Imperialism in at least two of the following regions or countries: Africa, Southeast Asia, China, India, Latin America, and the Philippines.
- 10.8: Students analyze the causes and consequences of World War II.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.8 and 8.8: Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.9 and 8.9: Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.9-10.8: Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative print and digital sources, using advanced searches effectively; assess the usefulness of each source in answering the research question; integrate information into the text selectively to maintain the flow of ideas, avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.9-10.9: Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.11-12.2.A: Introduce a topic; organize complex ideas, concepts, and information so that each new element builds on that which precedes it to create a unified whole; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., figures, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.11-12.2.B: Develop the topic thoroughly by selecting the most significant and relevant facts, extended definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples appropriate to the audience’s knowledge of the topic.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.11-12.2.C: Use appropriate and varied transitions and syntax to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships among complex ideas and concepts.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.1, 8.1: Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on Grades 7 and 8 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing your own clearly.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.4 and 8.4: Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 1-3 above.)
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.9-10.: Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one- on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on Grades 9 and 10 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing your own clearly and persuasively.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.11-12.1: Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one- on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on Grades 11 and 12 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing your own clearly and persuasively.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.9-10.4: Present information, findings, and supporting evidence clearly, concisely, and logically such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, substance, and style are appropriate to purpose, audience, and task.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.11-12.2: Integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) in order to make informed decisions and solve problems, evaluating the credibility and accuracy of each source and noting any discrepancies among the data.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.9-10.2: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.11-12.2: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

**MATH**

- 7.G.1.: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale.
- 7.G.6: Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, volume, and surface area of two- and three- dimensional objects composed of triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons, cubes, and right prisms.
- G-GMD.4: Identify the shapes of two-dimensional cross-sections of three-dimensional objects, and identify three-dimensional objects generated by rotations of two-dimensional objects.
- G-GMD.5 Know that the effect of a scale factor k greater than zero on length, area, and volume is to multiply each by k, k2, and k3, respectively; determine length, area, and volume measures using scale factors.
- G-MG.1 Use geometric shapes, their measures, and their properties to describe objects (e.g., modeling a tree trunk or a human torso as a cylinder).
- G-MG.2 Apply concepts of density on the basis of area and volume in modeling situations (e.g., persons per square mile, BTUs per cubic foot).
- G-MG.3: Apply geometric methods to solve design problems (e.g., designing an object or structure to satisfy physical constraints or minimize cost; working with typographic grid systems based on ratios).

**SCIENCE**

- MS-ETS1-1.: De ne the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.
- MS-ETS1-2.: Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.
- MS-ETS1-4.: Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.1, 8.1: Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on Grades 7 and 8 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing your own clearly.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.9-10.1: Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one- on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on Grades 9 and 10 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing your own clearly and persuasively.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.11-12.1: Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one- on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on Grades 11 and 12 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing your own clearly and persuasively.

**MATH**

- 7.NS.1: Apply and extend previous understandings of addition and subtraction to add and subtract rational numbers; represent addition and subtraction on a horizontal or vertical number line diagram.

a. Describe situations in which opposite quantities combine to make 0. For example, a hydrogen atom has zero charge because its two constituents are oppositely charged.

b. Understand p + q as the number located at a distance |q| from p, in the positive or negative direction depending on whether q is positive or negative. Show that a number and its opposite have a sum of 0 (are additive inverses). Interpret sums of rational numbers by describing real-world contexts.

c. Understand subtraction of rational numbers as adding the additive inverse, p – q = p + (–q). Show that the distance between two rational numbers on the number line is the absolute value of their difference, and apply this principle in real-world contexts.

d. Apply properties of operations as strategies to add and subtract rational numbers. - 7.NS.A.3.: Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving the four operations with rational numbers. 7.EE.3: Solve multistep real-life and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational numbers in any form (whole numbers, fractions, and decimals), using tools strategically. Apply properties of operations to calculate with numbers in any form, convert between forms as appropriate, and assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies. For example: If a woman making $25 an hour gets a 10% raise, she will make an additional 1/10 of her salary an hour, or $2.50, for a new salary of $27.50. If you want to place a towel bar 9 3/4 inches long in the center of a door that is 27 1/2 inches wide, you will need to place the bar about 9 inches from each edge; this estimate can be used as a check on the exact computation. 8.F.5: Describe qualitatively the functional relationship between two quantities by analyzing a graph (e.g., where the function is increasing or decreasing, linear or nonlinear). Sketch a graph that exhibits the qualitative features of a function that has been described verbally.
- N-Q: Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems.
- A-SSE: Interpret the structure of expressions.
- A-CED.1: Create equations and inequalities in one variable including ones with absolute value and use them to solve problems. Include equations arising from linear and quadratic functions, and simple rational and exponential functions.
- A-CED.3: Represent constraints by equations or inequalities and by systems of equations and/or inequalities, and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. For example, represent inequalities describing nutritional and cost constraints on combinations of different foods.
- F-LE: Construct and compare linear, quadratic, and exponential models and solve problems.

1. Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions. - F-LE.2: Construct linear and exponential functions, including arithmetic and geometric sequences, given a graph, a description of a relationship, or two input–output pairs.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.1, 8.1: Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on Grades 7 and 8 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing your own clearly.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.4 and 8.4: Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.9-10.1: Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one- on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on Grades 9 and 10 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing your own clearly and persuasively.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.11-12.1: Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one- on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on Grades 11 and 12 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing your own clearly and persuasively.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.9-10.2: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.11-12.2: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

**MATH**

- 7.G.6: Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, volume, and surface area of two- and three- dimensional objects composed of triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons, cubes, and right prisms.
- C-MG.1: Use geometric shapes, their measures, and their properties to describe objects (e.g., modeling a tree trunk or a human torso as a cylinder).
- C-MG.2: Apply concepts of density on the basis of area and volume in modeling situations (e.g., persons per square mile, BTUs per cubic foot).
- C-MG.3: Apply geometric methods to solve design problems (e.g., designing an object or structure to satisfy physical constraints or minimize cost, working with typographic grid systems based on ratios).

**SCIENCE**

- MS-ESS3-3: Earth and Human Activity. Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment.
- MS-ETS1-1.: De ne the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.
- MS-ETS1-2.: Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.
- MS-ETS1-4.: Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved.

**HISTORY**

- 8.6: Students analyze the divergent paths of the American people from 1800 to the mid-1800s and the challenges they faced, with emphasis on the Northeast.
- 8.6.1.: Discuss the influence of industrialization and technological developments on the region, including human modification of the landscape and how physical geography shaped human actions (e.g., growth of cities, deforestation, farming, mineral extraction).

**MATH**

- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.G.A.2: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSG.MG.A.1: Use geometric shapes, their measures, and their properties to describe objects.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSG.MG.A.3: Apply geometric methods to solve design problems (e.g., designing an object or structure to satisfy physical constraints or minimize cost; working with typographic grid systems on the basis of ratios).

**SCIENCE**

- HS-LS2-7: Design, evaluate, and re ne a solution for reducing the impacts of human activities on the environment and biodiversity.
- HS-LS4-6: Create or revise a simulation to test a solution to mitigate adverse impacts of human activity on biodiversity.
- HS-ESS2-2: Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth’s surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems.
- HS-ESS2-4: Use a model to describe how variations in the ow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
- HS-ESS3-5: Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.
- HS-PS2-1: Analyze data to support the claim that Newton’s second law of motion describes the mathematical relationship among the net force on a macroscopic object, its mass, and its acceleration.
- MS-PS2-2: Plan an investigation to provide evidence that the change in an object’s motion depends on the sum of the forces on the object and the mass of the object.
- MS-ESS3-3: Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment.
- MS-ESS3-5: Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.9-10.1: Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one- on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on Grades 9 and 10 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing your own clearly and persuasively.

**MATH**

- 7.G.1.: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale.
- 7.G.6: Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, volume, and surface area of two- and three- dimensional objects composed of triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons, cubes, and right prisms.
- G-MG.1: Use geometric shapes, their measures, and their properties to describe objects (e.g., modeling a tree trunk or a human torso as a cylinder).
- G-MG.2: Apply concepts of density on the basis of area and volume in modeling situations (e.g., persons per square mile, BTUs per cubic foot).
- G-MG.3: Apply geometric methods to solve design problems (e.g., designing an object or structure to satisfy physical constraints or minimize cost; working with typographic grid systems on the basis of ratios).

**SCIENCE**

- MS-ETS1-1.: De ne the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.
- MS-ETS1-2.: Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.
- MS-ETS1-4.: Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.4 and 8.4: Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 1–3 above.)
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.9-10.4: Present information, findings, and supporting evidence clearly, concisely, and logically such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, substance, and style are appropriate to purpose, audience, and task.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.11-12.2: Integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) in order to make informed decisions and solve problems, evaluating the credibility and accuracy of each source and noting any discrepancies among the data.

** History Standards:**

- 7.1.1.: Study the early strengths and lasting contributions of Rome (e.g., significance of Roman citizenship; rights under Roman law; Roman art, architecture, engineering, and philosophy).

**MATH**

- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.NS.A.3: Solve real-world mathematical problems involving the four operations with rational numbers.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.EE.B.3: Solve multistep real-life and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational numbers in any form (whole numbers, fractions, and decimals), using tools strategically.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSG.MG.A.3: Apply geometric methods to solve design problems (e.g., designing an object or structure to satisfy physical constraints or minimize cost; working with typographic grid systems on the basis of ratios).

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

**MATH**

- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.NS.A.3: Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving the four operations with rational numbers.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.EE.B.3: Solve multistep real-life and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational numbers in any form (whole numbers, fractions, and decimals), using tools strategically.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSG.MG.A.3: Apply geometric methods to solve design problems (e.g., designing an object or structure to satisfy physical constraints or minimize cost; working with typographic grid systems on the basis of ratios).

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

**MATH**

- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.G.A.1: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.G.B.6: Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, volume, and surface area of two- and three-dimensional objects composed of triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons, cubes, and right prisms.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.8.G.C.9: Know the formulas for the volumes of cones, cylinders, and spheres and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSG.GMD.B.4: Identify the shapes of two-dimensional cross-sections of three- dimensional objects, and identify three-dimensional objects generated by rotations of two-dimensional objects.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSG.MG.A.1: Use geometric shapes, their measures, and their properties to describe objects (e.g., modeling a tree trunk or a human torso as a cylinder).
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSG.MG.A.2: Apply concepts of density on the basis of area and volume in modeling situations (e.g., persons per square mile, BTUs per cubic foot).

**SCIENCE**

- MS-ETS1-1: Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.
- MS-ETS1-2: Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.
- MS-ETS1-4: Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modifycation of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.4 and 8.4: Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 1–3 above.)
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.9-10.4: Present information, findings, and supporting evidence clearly, concisely, and logically such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, substance, and style are appropriate to purpose, audience, and task.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.11-12.2: Integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) in order to make informed decisions and solve problems, evaluating the credibility and accuracy of each source and noting any discrepancies among the data.

**MATH**

- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.G.A.1: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.G.B.6: Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, volume, and surface area of two- and three-dimensional objects composed of triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons, cubes, and right prisms.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.NS.A.3: Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving the four operations with rational numbers.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.EE.B.3: Solve multistep real-life and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational numbers in any form (whole numbers, fractions, and decimals), using tools strategically.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.8.G.C.9: Know the formulas for the volumes of cones, cylinders, and spheres and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSG.GMD.B.4: Identify the shapes of two-dimensional cross-sections of three- dimensional objects, and identify three-dimensional objects generated by rotations of two-dimensional objects.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSG.MG.A.1: Use geometric shapes, their measures, and their properties to describe objects (e.g., modeling a tree trunk or a human torso as a cylinder).
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSG.MG.A.2: Apply concepts of density on the basis of area and volume in modeling situations (e.g., persons per square mile, BTUs per cubic foot).

**SCIENCE**

- MS-ETS1-1: De ne the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.
- MS-ETS1-2: Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.
- MS-ETS1-4: Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved.
- MS-PS3-3: Apply scientific principles to design, construct, and test a device that either minimizes or maximizes thermal energy transfer.
- HS-PS3-3: Design, build, and re ne a device that works within given constraints to convert one form of energy into another.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

**MATH**

- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.G.A.1: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.G.A.2: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.G.A.3: Describe the two-dimensional figures that result from slicing three-dimensional figures, as in plane sections of right rectangular prisms and right rectangular pyramids.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.G.B.4: Know the formulas for the area and circumference of a circle and use them to solve problems; give an informal derivation of the relationship between the circumference and area of a circle.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.G.B.6: Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, volume, and surface area of two- and three-dimensional objects composed of triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons, cubes, and right prisms.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.NS.A.3: Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving the four operations with rational numbers.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.EE.B.3: Solve multistep real-life and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational numbers in any form (whole numbers, fractions, and decimals), using tools strategically. Apply properties of operations to calculate with numbers in any form; convert between forms as appropriate; and assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSN.Q.A.1: Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multistep problems; choose and interpret units consistently in formulas; choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSN.Q.A.2: De ne appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSN.Q.A.3: Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSG.GMD.A.3: Use volume formulas for cylinders, pyramids, cones, and spheres to solve problems.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSG.GMD.B.4: Identify the shapes of two-dimensional cross-sections of three- dimensional objects, and identify three-dimensional objects generated by rotations of two-dimensional objects.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSG.MG.A.1: Use geometric shapes, their measures, and their properties to describe objects (e.g., modeling a tree trunk or a human torso as a cylinder).
- ACCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSG.MG.A.3: Apply geometric methods to solve design problems (e.g., designing an object or structure to satisfy physical constraints or minimize cost; working with typographic grid systems on the basis of ratios).

**SCIENCE**

- MS-ETS1-1. De ne the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

**MATH**

- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.G.A.2: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.G.A.3 :Describe the two-dimensional figures that result from slicing three-dimensional figures, as in plane sections of right rectangular prisms and right rectangular pyramids.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.G.B.4: Know the formulas for the area and circumference of a circle and use them to solve problems; give an informal derivation of the relationship between the circumference and area of a circle.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.EE.B.3: Solve multistep real-life and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational numbers in any form (whole numbers, fractions, and decimals), using tools strategically. Apply properties of operations to calculate with numbers in any form; convert between forms as appropriate; and assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSN.Q.A.1: Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multistep problems; choose and interpret units consistently in formulas; choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSN.Q.A.2: Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSN.Q.A.3: Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities.

**MATH**

- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.EE.B.3: Solve multistep real-life and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational numbers in any form (whole numbers, fractions, and decimals), using tools strategically. Apply properties of operations to calculate with numbers in any form; convert between forms as appropriate; and assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSN.Q.A.1:Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multistep problems; choose and interpret units consistently in formulas; choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSN.Q.A.2: De ne appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSN.Q.A.3: Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.1, 8.1L Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on Grades 7 and 8 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing your own clearly.

**MATH**

- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.G.A.3: Describe the two-dimensional figures that result from slicing three-dimensional figures, as in plane sections of right rectangular prisms and right rectangular pyramids.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

**MATH**

- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.G.A.3 :Describe the two-dimensional figures that result from slicing three-dimensional figures, as in plane sections of right rectangular prisms and right rectangular pyramids.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSN.Q.A.1: Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multistep problems; choose and interpret units consistently in formulas; choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSG.GMD.B.4 :Identify the shapes of two-dimensional cross-sections of three- dimensional objects, and identify three-dimensional objects generated by rotations of two-dimensional objects.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

**MATH**

- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.EE.B.3: Solve multistep real-life and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational numbers in any form (whole numbers, fractions, and decimals), using tools strategically. Apply properties of operations to calculate with numbers in any form, convert between forms as appropriate, and assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSN.Q.A.2 :Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling.
- LANGUAGE ARTS
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.4 and 8.4: Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 1–3 above.)

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.8, 8.8, 9-10.8, 11-12.8: Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative print and digital sources, using advanced searches effectively; assess the usefulness of each source in answering the research question; and integrate information into the text selectively to maintain the ow of ideas, avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.3, 8.3, 9-10.3, 11-12.3: Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.4, 8.4, 9-10.4, 11-12.4: Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.5, 8.5, 9-10.5, 11-12.5: With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.6, 8.6, 9-10.6, 11-12.6: Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.9-10.3: Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.8, 8.8, 9-10.8, 11-12.8: Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative print and digital sources, using advanced searches effectively; assess the usefulness of each source in answering the research question; integrate information into the text selectively to maintain the ow of ideas, avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.

**HISTORY**

- 11.5: Students analyze the major political, social, economic, technological, and cultural developments of the 1920s. 11.5.6.: Trace the growth and effects of radio and movies and their role in the worldwide diffusion of popular culture.

**MATH**

- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.G.A.3: Describe the two-dimensional figures that result from slicing three-dimensional figures, as in plane sections of right rectangular prisms and right rectangular pyramids.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSG.MG.A.3: Apply geometric methods to solve design problems (e.g., designing an object or structure to satisfy physical constraints or minimize cost; working with typographic grid systems based on ratios).

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.11-12.1 Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on Grades 11 and 12 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing your own clearly and persuasively.

**HISTORY**

- 7.8: Students analyze the origins, accomplishments, and geographic diffusion of the Renaissance.
- 7.8.4.: Describe the growth and effects of new ways of disseminating information (e.g., the ability to manufacture paper, translation of the Bible into the vernacular, printing).
- 7.8.5.: Detail advances made in literature, the arts, science, mathematics, cartography, engineering, and the understanding of human anatomy and astronomy (e.g., by Dante Alighieri, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo di Buonarroti Simoni, Johann Gutenberg, William Shakespeare).

**MATH**

- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSG.MG.A.3: Apply geometric methods to solve design problems (e.g., designing an object or structure to satisfy physical constraints or minimize cost; working with typographic grid systems based on ratios).

**MATH**

- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.EE.B.3: Solve multistep real-life and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational numbers in any form (whole numbers, fractions, and decimals), using tools strategically. Apply properties of operations to calculate with numbers in any form, convert between forms as appropriate, and assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSN.Q.A.1: Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multistep problems, choose and interpret units consistently in formulas, and choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSN.Q.A.2: Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSG.MG.A.3: Apply geometric methods to solve design problems (e.g., designing an object or structure to satisfy physical constraints or minimize cost; working with typographic grid systems based on ratios).

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.2, 8.2, 9-10.2, 11-12.2: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.7.4, 8.4, 9-10.4, 11-12.4: Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.9-10.1 Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on Grades 9 and 10 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing your own clearly and persuasively.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.4, 8.4, 9-10.4, 11-12.4: Present information, findings, and supporting evidence clearly, concisely, and logically such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, substance, and style are appropriate to purpose, audience, and task.

**MATH**

- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.G.B.6 Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, volume, and surface area of two- and three- dimensional objects composed of triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons, cubes, and right prisms.
- CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSG.GMD.A.3: Use volume formulas for cylinders, pyramids, cones, and spheres to solve problems.

**SCIENCE**

- MS-ETS1-1. Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

**HISTORY**

- 7.1.1 Study the early strengths and lasting contributions of Rome (architecture).
- 7.8.5 Detail advances made in literature, the arts, science, mathematics, cartography, engineering, and the understanding of human anatomy and astronomy (e.g., by Dante Alighieri, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo di Buonarroti Simoni, Johann Gutenberg, William Shakespeare).
- 10.3: Students analyze the effects of the Industrial Revolution in England, France, Germany, Japan, and the United States.
- 10.11: Students analyze the integration of countries into the world economy and the information, technological, and communications revolutions (e.g., television, satellites, computers).
- 11.5.7: Discuss the rise of mass production techniques, the growth of cities, the impact of new technologies (e.g., the automobile, electricity), and the resulting prosperity and effect on the American landscape.

**LANGUAGE ARTS**

- CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W. 7.3, 8.3, 9-10.3, 11-12.3: Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences.